Color Coded Latin: A Teaching Method

by Kathleen Canning

© 2011

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  1. Preface
  2. Color Chart
  3. First Declension
  4. Second Declension
  5. Third Declension
  6. Fourth Declension
  7. Fifth Declension
  8. First Conjugation
  9. Second Conjugation
  10. Third Conjugation
  11. Fourth Conjugation
  12. Irregular Verbs
  13. Latin Sentences Using Declensions and Conjugations
  14. The Genitive Case
  15. The Dative Case
  16. Prepositional Phrases
  17. Pronouns
  18. Interrogative Pronouns
  19. Demonstrative Pronouns
  20. Subjunctive ARE Verbs
  21. Subjunctive Long ERE 2nd Conjugation Verbs
  22. Subjunctive ERE 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  23. Subjunctive I-Stem 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  24. Subjunctive IRE 4th Conjugation Verbs

Latin Present Subjunctive : ARE VERBS

Learning how to form the Latin Subjunctive tenses is actually very easy. However, learning when to use the Latin Subjunctive can be very tricky. Going step by step and using the same colors used for (ARE-long ERE , ERE and IRE) you will see that by just shuffling a few letters around the formation of the Subjunctive tenses is simple. The colors will remain the same as they were when the verbs were in the Indicative mood.

Review the steps for the Indicative Mood of an ARE verb (portare)

Step 1- Look at the 4 principal parts.porto-portare-portavi-portatus-a-um
Step 2- Identify the 2nd principal part (infinitive).portare
Step 3- Drop the (RE) and you have the stem.porta
Step 4- Add your personal endings.o-s-t-mus-tis-nt = I-you-he-we-you -they

Change the Indicative Mood to the Subjunctive Mood for ARE verbs:

Change the (a) of the indicative stem to an (e) and add the regular personal endings.

It is actually that simple. To make it Passive just change to Passive personal endings.

Indicative ARE and Subjunctive ARE
Present Tense Present Tense
porto portem
portas portes
portat portet
portamus portemus
portatis portetis
portant portent
Active Passive Active Passive
o portor em er
as aris es eris
at atur et etur
amus amur emus emur
atis amini etis emini
ant antur ent entur

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