Color Coded Latin: A Teaching Method

by Kathleen Canning

© 2011

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  1. Preface
  2. Color Chart
  3. First Declension
  4. Second Declension
  5. Third Declension
  6. Fourth Declension
  7. Fifth Declension
  8. First Conjugation
  9. Second Conjugation
  10. Third Conjugation
  11. Fourth Conjugation
  12. Irregular Verbs
  13. Latin Sentences Using Declensions and Conjugations
  14. The Genitive Case
  15. The Dative Case
  16. Prepositional Phrases
  17. Pronouns
  18. Interrogative Pronouns
  19. Demonstrative Pronouns
  20. Subjunctive ARE Verbs
  21. Subjunctive Long ERE 2nd Conjugation Verbs
  22. Subjunctive ERE 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  23. Subjunctive I-Stem 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  24. Subjunctive IRE 4th Conjugation Verbs

Common Demonstrative Pronoun / Adjectives

The three common demonstratives are :

IsEaIdthis / these or that / those - used also as 3rd. singular personal pronouns
HicHaecHocthis/these [closer to you]
IlleIllaIlludthat / those [further from you]

These words can stand alone and act as pronouns or they can be used as adjectives to modify a noun.

The charts will be set up in the five cases, singular & plural, masculine, feminine and neuter.

Look for the similarities in the three charts.

Note that the plurals are nearly identical to first and second declension charts.

The one change is in the nominative ,neuter, plural of the hic -haec-hoc chart.

Use them the same way that you used the earlier adjective charts. (Agreement)


All But the Last in the Nominative
this manhicvir
that girlillapuella
these soldiershimilites
those shipsillaenaves
This is minehicest
That (one) will fleeillefugiet
in that farmhousein illavilla


Ill eThatIll iThose

Note the blue-red-blue pattern in the plural. In the hic chart plural it is the letter (h) in front of the old 1st and 2nd declension nouns. * Exception: nominative singular & plural neuter (haec)*

In the ille chart also look at the plural . It is exactly like the old 1st and 2nd declension plurals with (ill) in front of the endings.

Reminder: *

You can use the Is-Ea-Id charts to replace both hic & ille. The[ Is ] chart can mean a 3rd person pronoun or it can mean both this / these and that / those.

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