Color Coded Latin: A Teaching Method
by Kathleen Canning
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- Color Chart
- First Declension
- Second Declension
- Third Declension
- Fourth Declension
- Fifth Declension
- First Conjugation
- Second Conjugation
- Third Conjugation
- Fourth Conjugation
- Irregular Verbs
- Latin Sentences Using Declensions and Conjugations
- The Genitive Case
- The Dative Case
- Prepositional Phrases
- Interrogative Pronouns
- Demonstrative Pronouns
- Subjunctive ARE Verbs
- Subjunctive Long ERE 2nd Conjugation Verbs
- Subjunctive ERE 3rd Conjugation Verbs
- Subjunctive I-Stem 3rd Conjugation Verbs
- Subjunctive IRE 4th Conjugation Verbs
Common Demonstrative Pronoun / Adjectives
The three common demonstratives are :
|Is||Ea||Id||this / these or that / those - used also as 3rd. singular personal pronouns|
|Hic||Haec||Hoc||this/these [closer to you]|
|Ille||Illa||Illud||that / those [further from you]|
These words can stand alone and act as pronouns or they can be used as adjectives to modify a noun.
The charts will be set up in the five cases, singular & plural, masculine, feminine and neuter.
Look for the similarities in the three charts.
Note that the plurals are nearly identical to first and second declension charts.
The one change is in the nominative ,neuter, plural of the hic -haec-hoc chart.
Use them the same way that you used the earlier adjective charts. (Agreement)
|This is mine||hic||est|
|That (one) will flee||ille||fugiet|
|in that farmhouse||in illa||villa|
|Ill e||That||Ill i||Those|
Note the blue-red-blue pattern in the plural. In the hic chart plural it is the letter (h) in front of the old 1st and 2nd declension nouns. * Exception: nominative singular & plural neuter (haec)*
In the ille chart also look at the plural . It is exactly like the old 1st and 2nd declension plurals with (ill) in front of the endings.
You can use the Is-Ea-Id charts to replace both hic & ille. The[ Is ] chart can mean a 3rd person pronoun or it can mean both this / these and that / those.
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