Color Coded Latin: A Teaching Method

by Kathleen Canning

© 2011

Download "Color Coded" Latin Teaching Method
  1. Preface
  2. Color Chart
  3. First Declension
  4. Second Declension
  5. Third Declension
  6. Fourth Declension
  7. Fifth Declension
  8. First Conjugation
  9. Second Conjugation
  10. Third Conjugation
  11. Fourth Conjugation
  12. Irregular Verbs
  13. Latin Sentences Using Declensions and Conjugations
  14. The Genitive Case
  15. The Dative Case
  16. Prepositional Phrases
  17. Pronouns
  18. Interrogative Pronouns
  19. Demonstrative Pronouns
  20. Subjunctive ARE Verbs
  21. Subjunctive Long ERE 2nd Conjugation Verbs
  22. Subjunctive ERE 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  23. Subjunctive I-Stem 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  24. Subjunctive IRE 4th Conjugation Verbs


Latin has five separate declensions.
All Latin nouns go into one of the five possible declensions or categories.
Each declension in these lessons will use a different color.

The Latin student can identify the correct declension by looking at the genitive singular ending. This ending will appear in all vocabularies or dictionaries.

femina, feminae f. - woman

Femina is the nominative and feminae is the genitive singular for the first declension.

If you drop the ae of the genitive you have the base which is femin__.

All other endings will be added to that base.

First Declension

Vocativesame as nominative

*(abus) will replace (is) in the dat & abl. plural. for the words dea and filia.

Syntax of each case: (How the word is used in the sentence)

Subjects and Predicate Nouns


Indirect Objects
(other uses will be shown in later lessons)

Direct Objects and some phrases

(many adverbial will be shown in later lessons.)

Direct Address (In Latin the Vocative will always be surrounded by commas.)

* The syntax will not change as you change declensions.

* The endings and gender will change.

Almost all first declension words are feminine in gender.There are some masculine words in the first declension. The only time that will become a problem for the learner is if you are modifying them with an adjective. To be discussed in a later chapter.

* Nouns and adjectives must match in:

  1. Case
  2. Gender
  3. Number
They do not have to match by declension.

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