Color Coded Latin: A Teaching Method

by Kathleen Canning

© 2011

Download "Color Coded" Latin Teaching Method
  1. Preface
  2. Color Chart
  3. First Declension
  4. Second Declension
  5. Third Declension
  6. Fourth Declension
  7. Fifth Declension
  8. First Conjugation
  9. Second Conjugation
  10. Third Conjugation
  11. Fourth Conjugation
  12. Irregular Verbs
  13. Latin Sentences Using Declensions and Conjugations
  14. The Genitive Case
  15. The Dative Case
  16. Prepositional Phrases
  17. Pronouns
  18. Interrogative Pronouns
  19. Demonstrative Pronouns
  20. Subjunctive ARE Verbs
  21. Subjunctive Long ERE 2nd Conjugation Verbs
  22. Subjunctive ERE 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  23. Subjunctive I-Stem 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  24. Subjunctive IRE 4th Conjugation Verbs


Personal Pronouns:

In Latin there are specific pronouns for I and its plural We and for You and its plural You.

Forms of the third person He/they will borrow from another chart.

For people who don't quite grasp when to use I or me, he or him, this is the perfect way to master it.

Later we will solve the Who/ Whom problem.

EGO/NOS and TU/VOS do not have separate words for masculine, feminine and neuter.

dative(indirect_objects)MIHINOBISTO METO US
ablative(phrases)MENOBISBY MEBY US
dative(indirect_objects)TIBIVOBISTO YOUTO YOU
ablative(phrases)TEVOBISBY YOUBY YOU

There is no specific pronoun in Latin for 3rd person pronouns in the singular or plural.

Latin uses the chart for demonstratives to form 3rd person pronouns. Using this chart allows for the gender of each pronoun to be expressed unlike Ego and Tu.

The following chart will explain all forms of He-She-It. This chart can also be used for demonstrative adjectives which will modify nouns. We will use it as a demonstrative adjective chart in the next lesson.

For right now it will serve to translate third person pronouns.

The column starting with he is masculine , she is feminine and it is neuter. The plural follows the same order. The singulars need to be memorized but the plurals are no more than the endings from 1st and 2nd declension nouns with an (e) in front of them.


The nominative is for all subjects and predicate nouns -- I-you-he-we-you-they

The genitive shows ownership -- mine-yours-his-ours-yours-theirs

The dative is for an indirect object -- (to/for) me-you-him-us-you-them

The accusative is for direct objects & phrases -- me-you-him-us-you-them

The ablative is for phrases -- (by) /with) me-you-him-us-you-them

The first line is used with subjects and predicate nouns.

The second line shows ownership.

The third line is for indirect objects.

The fourth line is for direct objects / phrases.

The fifth line is for various phrases /constructions.


How the pronoun looks in its sentence:

Dedit mihi pecuniam -He gave me money -Dative
Vocavit eum in agros -He called him into the fields -Accusative
Erat cum nobis in oppido -He was with us in town -Ablative

You can , and often will, use the verb ending as your pronoun subject.

Portamus frumentum ad oppidum - We

Vocatis pueros ex agris - You

Next Page - "Color-Coded" Latin Teaching Method Interrogative Pronouns

Previous Page - "Color Coded" Latin Teaching Method Prepositional Phrases

Return to Latin Teaching Methods Main Page