Color Coded Latin: A Teaching Method

by Kathleen Canning

© 2011

Download "Color Coded" Latin Teaching Method
  1. Preface
  2. Color Chart
  3. First Declension
  4. Second Declension
  5. Third Declension
  6. Fourth Declension
  7. Fifth Declension
  8. First Conjugation
  9. Second Conjugation
  10. Third Conjugation
  11. Fourth Conjugation
  12. Irregular Verbs
  13. Latin Sentences Using Declensions and Conjugations
  14. The Genitive Case
  15. The Dative Case
  16. Prepositional Phrases
  17. Pronouns
  18. Interrogative Pronouns
  19. Demonstrative Pronouns
  20. Subjunctive ARE Verbs
  21. Subjunctive Long ERE 2nd Conjugation Verbs
  22. Subjunctive ERE 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  23. Subjunctive I-Stem 3rd Conjugation Verbs
  24. Subjunctive IRE 4th Conjugation Verbs

Dative Case

In English we have an Objective case, and we put all sorts of objects in that case. Our direct objects and indirect objects are in the Objective case as well as all prepositional phrases. In Latin there are three cases to handle various types of objects. We use the accusative case for the direct objects and a combination of accusative and ablative for prepositional phrases. The indirect objects are assigned to their own case, the Dative.

The indirect object is almost the same as it is in English except for the use of (to or for). In English we never express the (to or for) ; it is just imagined. He gave Jane a horse for her birthday. Jane is the indirect object. The horse is the direct object. Now imagine a ( to). He gave the horse (to) Jane. Do not write out the (to/for) in English. Jane is indirectly receiving the horse. In Latin the dative ending will give you a hint that you might be dealing with an indirect object. This is not written in stone because the Dative case has other uses. However, if you see a verbs such as give, tell ,done and show you might well be seeing an indirect object. You will frequently find the indirect object in front of the direct object.

Let's look at some sentences in Latin that take an indirect object.

The man gave the queen much money.

The man gave what? He gave money. The direct object (accusative) is money.

To whom did he give the money. He gave it (to) the queen.

He gave the queen money. Queen is the indirect object and will take dative case endings.

Vir reginae pecuniam dedit.

The poets told the boys many stories.

Poetae pueris multas fabulas narrabant.

Who? (subject)The poetsnominative
Action verbtoldare verb- tense 2
(to) whom?the boysdative
What? (direct obj.)storiesaccusative
Adjectivemanyf-acc-pl.     -1st decl (Note 1)

Note 1: must agree in case, number & gender with stories

Dative Endings in the 5 Declensions

Next Page - "Color Coded" Latin Teaching Method Prepositional Phrases

Previous Page - "Color Coded" Latin Teaching Method The Genitive Case

Return to Latin Teaching Methods Main Page